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SMS - Safety Audits
By Mike Speidel
Unless you have been living under a rock for the last several years, you've heard about
the imminent implementation of SMS into aviation in the US. For the small percentage of you who have just
reemerged from your favorite rock; let's get you up to speed. Safety Management Systems, or SMS, is a
systematic method-based approach to identify and assess risk within an organization. In this case, the US
aviation industry will undergo an integration of current culture with new SMS procedures in the interest
of ultimately creating the safest environment possible.
In 2007, while under your rock, you missed the FAA releasing an Introduction to SMS
which announced the philosophy associated with the new SMS directive. In it, concepts including safety
audits, gap analysis, risk assessments and training are part of the new SMS lifecycle. Over the course of
2011, I will be discussing each concept as they relate to an airfield marking system within an SMS. This
article focuses on the safety audit, one of the initial components of an SMS lifecycle, and why it is
critical that marking systems receive a specific safety audit.
It's such an ugly word... audit. It conjures up images of the IRS knocking on
your door and turning your once happy life into a nightmare. However, in this context it isn't nearly as evil.
Instead, the purpose of a safety audit is to evaluate current processes, report the findings and make informed
decisions to maximize effectiveness and consequently, safety. It's simply a tool designed to identify hazards
to safety in order to define and mitigate risk.
As marking specialists, Sightline is very concerned with the current state of our nation's
airfield markings. We're losing sleep over it; and if you know me, you know I like my sleep! When we perform
airfield marking audits for our clients, we look at several factors that make up a marking's overall
effectiveness. Location, dimension, alignment and accuracy in general are important, but there are several other
components to consider to adequately audit marking performance.
For example, a marking in proper position, within dimension and alignment tolerances may be
considered as a functional marking. If that same marking is not conspicuous during low visibility or is potential
FOD; it is a hazard. Based on my experiences, airports of every size are littered with these hazards. When
developing safety audits, be sure not only to include airfield markings as a separate audit and define which
marking characteristics will be evaluated.
Or you can outsource! Sightline's systematic approach to auditing markings (Marking Condition
Index©) is already being used by airports all over the nation. We not only evaluate current conditions for
functionality, we also provide solutions in the form of multi-year maintenance plans, equipment procurement,
material selection, training or whatever you need. Sightline will convince you that audit isn't always such an
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